The Brady Street and Alderney Road cemeteries in London’s East End are among the oldest Jewish burial grounds in the UK, dating from 1761 and 1697 respectively.
Both cemeteries were closed in the 1850 s, when they became full.
A roll-call of important members of the Jewish community from this period becomes available across its gravestones.
Over a period of five years, Louis Berk saw the cemeteries to photograph their changing image throughout the seasons.
In the Brady Street site, the unique headstone in the centre of this photograph may portend the resting place of a musician.
The date has been gnawn from the face of the headstone, but it is likely that it is one of the second largest burials, just before the graveyard ultimately closed in 1858.
The sizable monumental below is in a pre-eminent arrange near the countries of the south boundary of the cemetery.
A striking facet of this monumental is the bust, as well as the panoramas from the Bible that decorate three of its sides.
It is dedicated to Miriam Levy, who died in 1855. She is believed to have been an important figure in the community, exalted for her social work in helping the poor and sick.
This headstone allows the type of a Cohen( Hebrew for pastor ), and the peculiar shaping of the paws is believed to signify the Hebrew letter( Shin ).
This is the first letter of several important names, including Shechinah and Shaddai( both alternative calls of God ).
This symbol was used by the actor Leonard Nimoy in his persona as the foreigner Spock in the Tv streak Star Trek.
Nimoy, the son of orthodox Jewish immigrants, recalled the signal being used in religious services and decided to use it as the Vulcan salute for “Live long and prosper.”
Polish immigrant Hyman Hurwitz is also commemorated, by a tall obelisk.
He arrived in the UK in his 20 s and, from 1799, extended a boys’ clas in Highgate.
In 1826, Abraham Goldscmid, a helper of the new nonconformist University College, petitioned to establish a chairmen of Hebrew language and literature and, in 1828, Hurwitz was offered the position.
There are many examples of gravestones in the graveyard that have made a distinctive green colour as they have aged.
Scientists believe that discolouration is partly due to the rise in battery-acid positions in downpour, especially during the increase in factories and shops in the area.
Another factor is the impact of freeze-thaw war on the soft sandstone substance of some headstones, which leads to the flaking of the surface.
This allows animals in the air to infest the exposed crannies on the surface and leads to discolouration.
All photographs by Louis Berk.